Last update Sept. 7, 2022
Carrageenan or carrageenan are polysaccharides extracted from some red algae (Rhodophyceae class: Chondrus crispus, Gigartina mamillosa, Eucheuma gelatinae). They are a mixture of calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium salts of copolymers of sulfate esters of d-galactose and 3,6-anhydro-d-galactose. The predominant copolymers are κ-carrageenan, ι-carrageenan and λ-carrageenan. (Martindale)
They are used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, in the food industry as a suspending and gelling agent, and as a food additive.
Use in traditional medicine as a bulk-forming laxative to treat constipation. Commission E of the German Ministry of Health has not approved any indication. (Blumental 1998)
At the date of last update we found no published data on its excretion in breast milk.
Its presence in breast milk is not expected due to its null intestinal absorption that prevents passage to plasma and its high molecular weight that would make excretion in breast milk difficult.
In addition, the null oral bioavailability prevents the passage to the infant's plasma from ingested breast milk,
This seaweed contains iodine and arsenic (Correia 2021, Darias 2020, Llorente 2011). Its consumption as food must be limited according to guidelines set by seaweed packagers: maximum 4 g/day (Darias 2020). Take into account its iodine content when complying with the WHO recommendations in order to achieve WHO’s recommendations on Iodine supplementation for nursing mothers.
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.
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e-lactancia is a resource recommended by Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine - 2015 of United States of America
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