Last update Feb. 25, 2005

Scots Pine

High Risk

Poorly safe. Evaluate carefully. Use safer alternative or interrupt breastfeeding 3 to 7 T ½ (elimination half-lives). Read the Comment.

Gems, leaves, tender branches and bark are used. Leaves and gems contain trementine, essential oil and colophony. Bark contains flavonoids, anthocyanides, trementine and tannins. Commission E of German Ministry of Health has approved the use of essential oil and trementine for treatment of common cold and topical use on joints, muscles and neural pain. Trementine use is contraindicated while pregnancy, suckling and childhood. Bark extractor (Pycnogenol) which is traditionally used as blood vessel protector and anti-oxidative agent is not contraindicated during breastfeeding.


We do not have alternatives for Scots Pine.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.


Scots Pine belongs to this group or family:


We are working to add the scientific references of this product. It will be available soon. If you wish to have access to this information, please let us know by leaving your comment in the opinion section below.

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