Last update Feb. 12, 2022
Distilled aliphatic hydrocarbon purified from petroleum (straight-run naphtha or kerosene). Use: solvent for paints, varnishes and greases (degreaser) and in car washes and dry cleaning. The olfactory level is so low that it can prevent intoxication.
Acute inhalation may cause respiratory irritation, drowsiness or dizziness.
At the date of the last update, we have not found published data on its excretion in breast milk, or on side effects in infants of mothers exposed to inhalation of this product.
Based on the absence of specific phrases of risk in lactation in the safety data sheets of this product and on the fact that it is not carcinogenic or mutagenic (Roth 2021, CTS 2017), it would not be necessary to remove the nursing mother from her workstation, it would be enough that the company ensure adequate ventilation to meet the legal requirements of Occupational exposure limits (OELs) or threshold limit value (TLV) (Roth 2021) and for the worker the recommended standards of prudence: mask, gloves, clothing, protective glasses, etc. (Roth 2021, CTS 2017)
Breastfeeding must be interrupted for a variable period of time if intoxication in the mother is suspected or the TLVs have been higher than recommended, especially the short-term exposure limit (TLV-STEL). In these cases, it is necessary to consider performing a toxicological analysis on the mother.
Benefits of breastfeeding outweigh the risk from low levels of environmental pollutants in human milk, in many instances lower than those found in cow's milk or other foods (WHO, Lapillonne 2021, Díaz 2013, Mead 2008, LaKind 2008, Hoover 1999 )
Basis for assessing occupational risk in nursing mothers:
With regard to occupational risks for breastfeeding mothers (INSHT 202, EC Regulation 2008), there are only two risk phrases (H-phrases for hazard) or precaution phrases (P-phrases) that should appear on the product’s safety data sheet:
Six other phrases that should be considered during breastfeeding are related to the carcinogenic, mutagenic or cumulative strength of a product:
If any of these codes appear on the safety data sheet of an industrial product, the nursing mother must be removed from her workplace.
For chemical products that do not contain these codes, companies must comply with the legal requirements of occupational exposure limits (OELs) for each product, ensuring a good ventilation at the workplace and ensure that the worker complies with the recommended standards of prudence (face mask, gloves, hand washing, changing clothes, etc.) facilitating it.
In addition, according to current European regulations (EC Regulation 2008), when a product is carcinogenic or mutagenic, working nursing mothers must not be exposed to mixtures with concentration limits greater than 0.3%.
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.
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e-lactancia is a resource recommended by Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine - 2012 of United States of America
Would you like to recommend the use of e-lactancia? Write to us at corporate mail of APILAM