Last update June 28, 2021

Ginger

Very Low Risk

Safe. Compatible. Minimal risk for breastfeeding and infant.

The root of this herb is used.
It contains oleoresin and essential oil along with sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, and spicy substances (gingeroles and shogaols).
Attributed properties: digestive, carminative, antiemetic and anti-inflammatory.
Indications according to Commission E of the German Ministry of Health: motion sickness, vomiting (pregnancy, post surgery), anorexia, dyspepsia.

Since the last update we have not found any published data on its excretion in breast milk.

No problems were seen in an infant whose mother took ginger for 1 month while breastfeeding (Bumrungpert 2018).

Plant widely used in many countries as a condiment and as a medicine. In some cultures its consumption increases during pregnancy (Ozgoli 2009, Boone 2005, Westfall 2004) or lactation without reported complications (Nordeng 2004, Chen 2013, Kennedy 2013).

It is used as a galactogogue by cultures from several continents (Raven 2007, Lamxay 2011, Sim 2103).
A study with few participants shown an increase of milk production within the first 6 days postpartum but not later; there was no change on prolactin levels (Paritakul 2016). Increased milk production was found in mothers who, after vaginal delivery, but not after cesarean section, took ginger alone or mixed with fenugreek, ginger, turmeric, pandam or Xiong-gui-tiao-xue-yin (Dilokthornsakul 2021, Bumrungpert 2018) . The results cannot be considered conclusive due to methodological problems of the studies (Foong 2020).
The best galactogogue result is achieved by a frequent on demand suckling and using a correct technique (ABM Protocol No. 9 2011).

Topical application of ginger, alone or together with camphor and turmeric or other plants in the form of compresses to the breast has been used to relieve postpartum breast engorgement pain (Monazzami 2021, Ketsuwan 2018). The results cannot be considered conclusive due to methodological problems of the studies (Zakarija 2020).

Its consumption can be considered compatible with breastfeeding (Dennehy 2011)
Abuse may be a cause of clotting issues (bleeding) and heartburn.

Alternatives

We do not have alternatives for Ginger since it is relatively safe.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Ginger is also known as


Ginger in other languages or writings:

Tradenames

Main tradenames from several countries containing Ginger in its composition:

References

  1. Dilokthornsakul W, Rinta A, Dhippayom T, Dilokthornsakul P. Efficacy and Safety of Ginger regarding Human Milk Volume and Related Clinical Outcomes: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Complement Med Res. 2021 Mar 31:1-7. Abstract
  2. Monazzami M, Yousefzadeh S, Rakhshandeh H, Esmaily H. Comparing the effects of hot compress and hot ginger compress on pain associated with breast engorgement. Nursing and Midwifery Studies. 2021;10:73–8. Full text (link to original source)
  3. Foong SC, Tan ML, Foong WC, Marasco LA, Ho JJ, Ong JH. Oral galactagogues (natural therapies or drugs) for increasing breast milk production in mothers of non-hospitalised term infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 May 18;5:CD011505. Abstract
  4. Zakarija-Grkovic I, Stewart F. Treatments for breast engorgement during lactation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Sep 18;9:CD006946. Abstract
  5. ABM: Brodribb W. ABM Clinical Protocol #9: Use of Galactogogues in Initiating or Augmenting Maternal Milk Production, Second Revision 2018. Breastfeed Med. 2018 Jun;13(5):307-314 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  6. Bumrungpert A, Somboonpanyakul P, Pavadhgul P, Thaninthranon S. Effects of Fenugreek, Ginger, and Turmeric Supplementation on Human Milk Volume and Nutrient Content in Breastfeeding Mothers: A Randomized Double-Blind Controlled Trial. Breastfeed Med. 2018 Nov 9. Abstract
  7. Ketsuwan S, Baiya N, Paritakul P, Laosooksathit W, Puapornpong P. Effect of Herbal Compresses for Maternal Breast Engorgement at Postpartum: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Breastfeed Med. 2018 Jun;13(5):361-365. Abstract
  8. Paritakul P, Ruangrongmorakot K, Laosooksathit W, Suksamarnwong M, Puapornpong P. The Effect of Ginger on Breast Milk Volume in the Early Postpartum Period: A Randomized, Double-Blind Controlled Trial. Breastfeed Med. 2016 Abstract
  9. Chen LW, Low YL, Fok D, Han WM, Chong YS, Gluckman P, Godfrey K, Kwek K, Saw SM, Soh SE, Tan KH, Chong MF, van Dam RM. Dietary changes during pregnancy and the postpartum period in Singaporean Chinese, Malay and Indian women: the GUSTO birth cohort study. Public Health Nutr. 2014 Abstract
  10. Chen LW, Low YL, Fok D, Han WM, Chong YS, Gluckman P, Godfrey K, Kwek K, Saw SM, Soh SE, Tan KH, Chong MF, van Dam RM. Dietary changes during pregnancy and the postpartum period in Singaporean Chinese, Malay and Indian women: the GUSTO birth cohort study. Public Health Nutr. 2013 Abstract
  11. Sim TF, Sherriff J, Hattingh HL, Parsons R, Tee LB. The use of herbal medicines during breastfeeding: a population-based survey in Western Australia. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  12. Kennedy DA, Lupattelli A, Koren G, Nordeng H. Herbal medicine use in pregnancy: results of a multinational study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  13. The Royal Women’s Hospital Victoria Australia. Herbal and Traditional Medicines in Breasfeeding. Fact Sheet. 2013 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  14. ABM. Academy Of Breastfeeding Medicine Protocol Committee. ABM Clinical Protocol #9: Use of galactogogues in initiating or augmenting the rate of maternal milk secretion (First Revision January 2011). Breastfeed Med. 2011 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  15. Lamxay V, de Boer HJ, Björk L. Traditions and plant use during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum recovery by the Kry ethnic group in Lao PDR. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2011 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  16. Dennehy C. Omega-3 fatty acids and ginger in maternal health: pharmacology, efficacy, and safety. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2011 Abstract
  17. ABM. Comité de Protocolos de la Academia Médica de Lactancia Materna. ABM Protocolo Clínico #9: Uso de Galactogogos para Iniciar o aumentar la tasa de secreción de Leche Materna. Breastfeed Med. 2011 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  18. Ozgoli G, Goli M, Simbar M. Effects of ginger capsules on pregnancy, nausea, and vomiting. J Altern Complement Med. 2009 Abstract
  19. Raven JH, Chen Q, Tolhurst RJ, Garner P. Traditional beliefs and practices in the postpartum period in Fujian Province, China: a qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2007 Abstract
  20. Borrelli F, Capasso R, Aviello G, Pittler MH, Izzo AA. Effectiveness and safety of ginger in the treatment of pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Abstract
  21. Boone SA, Shields KM. Treating pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting with ginger. Ann Pharmacother. 2005 Abstract
  22. Nordeng H, Havnen GC. Use of herbal drugs in pregnancy: a survey among 400 Norwegian women. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2004 Abstract
  23. Westfall RE. Use of anti-emetic herbs in pregnancy: women's choices, and the question of safety and efficacy. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2004 Abstract
  24. WHO. World Health Organization. Geneva. WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants. Volume I. WHO monographs 1999 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  25. O'Hara M, Kiefer D, Farrell K, Kemper K. A review of 12 commonly used medicinal herbs. Arch Fam Med. 1998 Abstract

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