Last update July 12, 2017



Safe substance and/or breastfeeding is the best option.

Heavy metal that in its trivalent oxidative states (3+) has a great nutritional value since it acts as a trace element (trace element) that enhances the action of insulin and is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

Meat, seafood, brewer's yeast, whole grains and nuts (especially walnuts), among others, are very rich in chromium. The recommended intake in nursing mothers is 45 micrograms daily (Ares Segura 2015).

The average concentration of chromium in breast milk is 1 nanogram / mL, ranging between 0.2 and 7 ng / mL and is independent of plasma levels and maternal daily intake (Kumpulainen 1980, Anderson 1993, Mohamedshah 1998).

With a varied and balanced diet not mineral supplements are needed. Excessive intake of chromium can cause skin problems in infants (Adachi 2007).

No increased concentrations of chromium in milk or problems in breastfed by mothers with hip containing chromium in its composition (Nelis 2013, Oppermann 2015)

Not to be confused with states hexavalent (6+) industrial and irritating, toxic and carcinogenic effects (see tab chromic acid or chromium trioxide).

See below the information of this related product:

  • Chromium Trioxide (Unsafe. Moderate/severe adverse effects. Compatible under certain circumstances. Follow-up recommended. Use safer alternative or discontinue breastfeeding from 5 to 7 T ½ . Read Commentary.)

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Chromium is also known as

Chromium in other languages or writings:


Chromium belongs to this group or family:


Main tradenames from several countries containing Chromium in its composition:


Variable Value Unit
Oral Bioavail. < 1 %
Molecular weight 52 - 418 daltons


  1. MedlinePlus. Fitoterapia y suplementos para bajar de peso. Información de salud para usted. 2019 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  2. MedlinePlus. Herbal remedies and supplements for weight loss. Trusted Health information for you 2019 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  3. Oppermann M, Borisch C, Schaefer C. Hip arthroplasty with high chromium and cobalt blood levels--Case report of a patient followed during pregnancy and lactation period. Reprod Toxicol. 2015 Abstract
  4. Ares Segura S, Arena Ansótegui J, Díaz-Gómez NM; en representación del Comité de Lactancia Materna de la Asociación Española de Pediatría. La importancia de la nutrición materna durante la lactancia, ¿necesitan las madres lactantes suplementos nutricionales? [The importance of maternal nutrition during breastfeeding: Do breastfeeding mothers need nutritional supplements?] An Pediatr (Barc). 2015 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  5. Paret N, Gouraud A, Bernard N, Bruel M, Cottin J, Descotes J, Vial T. Long-term follow-up of infants exposed to levetiracetam during breastfeeding: Comparison to a control group. (The 2nd International OTIS-ENTIS Conference at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada) Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2014;100:537-8. Abstract 38. DOI: doi:10.1002/bdra.23258 2014
  6. Nelis R, de Waal Malefijt J, Gosens T. Breast milk metal ion levels in a young and active patient with a metal-on-metal hip prosthesis. J Arthroplasty. 2013 Abstract
  7. Sun Z, Yue B, Yang Z, Li X, Wu Y, Yin S. [Determination of 24 minerals in human milk by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with microwave digestion]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2013 Abstract
  8. ATSDR. Chromium. Public Health Statement. 2012 Full text (in our servers)
  9. ATSDR. Cromo. Resumen de Salud Pública. 2012 Full text (in our servers)
  10. Abdulrazzaq YM, Osman N, Nagelkerke N, Kosanovic M, Adem A. Trace element composition of plasma and breast milk of well-nourished women. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2008 Abstract
  11. Yoshida M, Takada A, Hirose J, Endô M, Fukuwatari T, Shibata K. Molybdenum and chromium concentrations in breast milk from Japanese women. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2008 Abstract
  12. Adachi A, Horikawa T. [Pompholyx of the infant possibly induced by systemic metal allergy to chromium in mother's milk]. Arerugi. 2007 Abstract
  13. Wappelhorst O, Kühn I, Heidenreich H, Markert B. Transfer of selected elements from food into human milk. Nutrition. 2002 Abstract
  14. Institute of Medicine (US) Panel on Micronutrients. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2001. Abstract Full text (link to original source)
  15. Mohamedshah FY, Moser-Veillon PB, Yamini S, Douglass LW, Anderson RA, Veillon C. Distribution of a stable isotope of chromium (53Cr) in serum, urine, and breast milk in lactating women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Abstract
  16. Anderson RA, Bryden NA, Patterson KY, Veillon C, Andon MB, Moser-Veillon PB. Breast milk chromium and its association with chromium intake, chromium excretion, and serum chromium. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993 Abstract
  17. Kumpulainen JT. Chromium content of foods and diets. Biol Trace Elem Res. 1992 Abstract
  18. Anderson RA. Essentiality of chromium in humans. Sci Total Environ. 1989 Abstract
  19. Casey CE, Hambidge KM, Neville MC. Studies in human lactation: zinc, copper, manganese and chromium in human milk in the first month of lactation. Am J Clin Nutr. 1985 Abstract
  20. Casey CE, Hambidge KM. Chromium in human milk from American mothers. Br J Nutr. 1984 Abstract
  21. Kumpulainen J, Vuori E, Mäkinen S, Kara R. Dietary chromium intake of lactating Finnish mothers: effect on the Cr content of their breast milk. Br J Nutr. 1980 Abstract
  22. Kumpulainen J, Vuori E. Longitudinal study of chromium in human milk. Am J Clin Nutr. 1980 Abstract

Total visits


Help us improve this entry

How to cite this entry

Do you need more information or did not found what you were looking for?

   Write us at

e-lactancia is a resource recommended by El Parto Es Nuestro of Spain

Would you like to recommend the use of e-lactancia? Write to us at corporate mail of APILAM