Last update: July 12, 2017

Трёххлористый Хром; Хлористый Хром

Very Low Risk for breastfeeding


Safe. Compatible.
Not risky for breastfeeding or infant.

Heavy metal that in its trivalent oxidative states (3+) has a great nutritional value since it acts as a trace element (trace element) that enhances the action of insulin and is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

Meat, seafood, brewer's yeast, whole grains and nuts (especially walnuts), among others, are very rich in chromium. The recommended intake in nursing mothers is 45 micrograms daily (Ares Segura 2015).

The average concentration of chromium in breast milk is 1 nanogram / mL, ranging between 0.2 and 7 ng / mL and is independent of plasma levels and maternal daily intake (Kumpulainen 1980, Anderson 1993, Mohamedshah 1998).

With a varied and balanced diet not mineral supplements are needed. Excessive intake of chromium can cause skin problems in infants (Adachi 2007).

No increased concentrations of chromium in milk or problems in breastfed by mothers with hip containing chromium in its composition (Nelis 2013, Oppermann 2015)

Not to be confused with states hexavalent (6+) industrial and irritating, toxic and carcinogenic effects (see tab chromic acid or chromium trioxide).


See below the information of this related product:

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Трёххлористый Хром; Хлористый Хром is Chromium in Cyrillic.

Is written in other languages:

Трёххлористый Хром; Хлористый Хром is also known as

Group

Трёххлористый Хром; Хлористый Хром belongs to this group or family:

Tradenames

Main tradenames from several countries containing Трёххлористый Хром; Хлористый Хром in its composition:

  • Lipomin (Липомин)™. Contains other elements than Трёххлористый Хром; Хлористый Хром in its composition

Pharmacokinetics

Variable Value Unit
Oral Bioavail. < 1 %
Molecular weight 52 - 418 daltons

References

  1. Oppermann M, Borisch C, Schaefer C. Hip arthroplasty with high chromium and cobalt blood levels--Case report of a patient followed during pregnancy and lactation period. Reprod Toxicol. 2015 Abstract
  2. Ares Segura S, Arena Ansótegui J, Díaz-Gómez NM; en representación del Comité de Lactancia Materna de la Asociación Española de Pediatría. La importancia de la nutrición materna durante la lactancia, ¿necesitan las madres lactantes suplementos nutricionales? [The importance of maternal nutrition during breastfeeding: Do breastfeeding mothers need nutritional supplements?] An Pediatr (Barc). 2015 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  3. Paret N, Gouraud A, Bernard N, Bruel M, Cottin J, Descotes J, Vial T. Long-term follow-up of infants exposed to levetiracetam during breastfeeding: Comparison to a control group. (The 2nd International OTIS-ENTIS Conference at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada) Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2014;100:537-8. Abstract 38. DOI: doi:10.1002/bdra.23258 2014
  4. Nelis R, de Waal Malefijt J, Gosens T. Breast milk metal ion levels in a young and active patient with a metal-on-metal hip prosthesis. J Arthroplasty. 2013 Abstract
  5. Sun Z, Yue B, Yang Z, Li X, Wu Y, Yin S. [Determination of 24 minerals in human milk by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with microwave digestion]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2013 Abstract
  6. ATSDR. Cromo. Resumen de Salud Pública. 2012 Full text (in our servers)
  7. ATSDR. Chromium. Public Health Statement. 2012 Full text (in our servers)
  8. Abdulrazzaq YM, Osman N, Nagelkerke N, Kosanovic M, Adem A. Trace element composition of plasma and breast milk of well-nourished women. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2008 Abstract
  9. Yoshida M, Takada A, Hirose J, Endô M, Fukuwatari T, Shibata K. Molybdenum and chromium concentrations in breast milk from Japanese women. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2008 Abstract
  10. Adachi A, Horikawa T. [Pompholyx of the infant possibly induced by systemic metal allergy to chromium in mother's milk]. Arerugi. 2007 Abstract
  11. Wappelhorst O, Kühn I, Heidenreich H, Markert B. Transfer of selected elements from food into human milk. Nutrition. 2002 Abstract
  12. Mohamedshah FY, Moser-Veillon PB, Yamini S, Douglass LW, Anderson RA, Veillon C. Distribution of a stable isotope of chromium (53Cr) in serum, urine, and breast milk in lactating women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Abstract
  13. Anderson RA, Bryden NA, Patterson KY, Veillon C, Andon MB, Moser-Veillon PB. Breast milk chromium and its association with chromium intake, chromium excretion, and serum chromium. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993 Abstract
  14. Kumpulainen JT. Chromium content of foods and diets. Biol Trace Elem Res. 1992 Abstract
  15. Anderson RA. Essentiality of chromium in humans. Sci Total Environ. 1989 Abstract
  16. Casey CE, Hambidge KM, Neville MC. Studies in human lactation: zinc, copper, manganese and chromium in human milk in the first month of lactation. Am J Clin Nutr. 1985 Abstract
  17. Casey CE, Hambidge KM. Chromium in human milk from American mothers. Br J Nutr. 1984 Abstract
  18. Kumpulainen J, Vuori E, Mäkinen S, Kara R. Dietary chromium intake of lactating Finnish mothers: effect on the Cr content of their breast milk. Br J Nutr. 1980 Abstract
  19. Kumpulainen J, Vuori E. Longitudinal study of chromium in human milk. Am J Clin Nutr. 1980 Abstract

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