Last update: July 12, 2017


Very Low Risk for breastfeeding

Safe. Compatible.
Minimal risk for breastfeeding and infant.

Heavy metal that in its trivalent oxidative states (3+) has a great nutritional value since it acts as a trace element (trace element) that enhances the action of insulin and is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

Meat, seafood, brewer's yeast, whole grains and nuts (especially walnuts), among others, are very rich in chromium. The recommended intake in nursing mothers is 45 micrograms daily (Ares Segura 2015).

The average concentration of chromium in breast milk is 1 nanogram / mL, ranging between 0.2 and 7 ng / mL and is independent of plasma levels and maternal daily intake (Kumpulainen 1980, Anderson 1993, Mohamedshah 1998).

With a varied and balanced diet not mineral supplements are needed. Excessive intake of chromium can cause skin problems in infants (Adachi 2007).

No increased concentrations of chromium in milk or problems in breastfed by mothers with hip containing chromium in its composition (Nelis 2013, Oppermann 2015)

Not to be confused with states hexavalent (6+) industrial and irritating, toxic and carcinogenic effects (see tab chromic acid or chromium trioxide).

See below the information of this related product:

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

C18H12N3O6Cr is Chromium in Molecular formula.

Is written in other languages:

C18H12N3O6Cr is also known as


C18H12N3O6Cr belongs to this group or family:


Main tradenames from several countries containing C18H12N3O6Cr in its composition:


Variable Value Unit
Oral Bioavail. < 1 %
Molecular weight 52 - 418 daltons


  1. MedlinePlus. Herbal remedies and supplements for weight loss. Trusted Health information for you 2019 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  2. MedlinePlus. Fitoterapia y suplementos para bajar de peso. Información de salud para usted. 2019 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  3. Ares Segura S, Arena Ansótegui J, Díaz-Gómez NM; en representación del Comité de Lactancia Materna de la Asociación Española de Pediatría. La importancia de la nutrición materna durante la lactancia, ¿necesitan las madres lactantes suplementos nutricionales? [The importance of maternal nutrition during breastfeeding: Do breastfeeding mothers need nutritional supplements?] An Pediatr (Barc). 2015 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  4. Oppermann M, Borisch C, Schaefer C. Hip arthroplasty with high chromium and cobalt blood levels--Case report of a patient followed during pregnancy and lactation period. Reprod Toxicol. 2015 Abstract
  5. Paret N, Gouraud A, Bernard N, Bruel M, Cottin J, Descotes J, Vial T. Long-term follow-up of infants exposed to levetiracetam during breastfeeding: Comparison to a control group. (The 2nd International OTIS-ENTIS Conference at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada) Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2014;100:537-8. Abstract 38. DOI: doi:10.1002/bdra.23258 2014
  6. Nelis R, de Waal Malefijt J, Gosens T. Breast milk metal ion levels in a young and active patient with a metal-on-metal hip prosthesis. J Arthroplasty. 2013 Abstract
  7. Sun Z, Yue B, Yang Z, Li X, Wu Y, Yin S. [Determination of 24 minerals in human milk by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with microwave digestion]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2013 Abstract
  8. ATSDR. Cromo. Resumen de Salud Pública. 2012 Full text (in our servers)
  9. ATSDR. Chromium. Public Health Statement. 2012 Full text (in our servers)
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  14. Mohamedshah FY, Moser-Veillon PB, Yamini S, Douglass LW, Anderson RA, Veillon C. Distribution of a stable isotope of chromium (53Cr) in serum, urine, and breast milk in lactating women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Abstract
  15. Anderson RA, Bryden NA, Patterson KY, Veillon C, Andon MB, Moser-Veillon PB. Breast milk chromium and its association with chromium intake, chromium excretion, and serum chromium. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993 Abstract
  16. Kumpulainen JT. Chromium content of foods and diets. Biol Trace Elem Res. 1992 Abstract
  17. Anderson RA. Essentiality of chromium in humans. Sci Total Environ. 1989 Abstract
  18. Casey CE, Hambidge KM, Neville MC. Studies in human lactation: zinc, copper, manganese and chromium in human milk in the first month of lactation. Am J Clin Nutr. 1985 Abstract
  19. Casey CE, Hambidge KM. Chromium in human milk from American mothers. Br J Nutr. 1984 Abstract
  20. Kumpulainen J, Vuori E, Mäkinen S, Kara R. Dietary chromium intake of lactating Finnish mothers: effect on the Cr content of their breast milk. Br J Nutr. 1980 Abstract
  21. Kumpulainen J, Vuori E. Longitudinal study of chromium in human milk. Am J Clin Nutr. 1980 Abstract

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e-lactancia is a resource recommended by Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine - 2012 from United States of America

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