Last update: May 4, 2019
Moderately safe. Probably compatible.
Mild risk possible. Follow up recommended.
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Most of the clorazepate is metabolized to N-desmethyldiazepam (nordiazepam) which is the active metabolite of diazepam.
It is excreted in breast milk in clinically insignificant amounts (Rey 1979).
Sedation has been observed in infants whose mothers were taking diazepam (Wesson 1985).
Due to the lack of publications on this subject, until more information is known about this drug in relation to breastfeeding, safer known alternatives are preferred, especially in the neonatal period and in case of prematurity (McElhatton 1994).
The occasional use and low doses of benzodiazepines are compatible with breastfeeding (Kelly 2012, Rubin 2004, Iqbal 2002, Hägg 2000, McElhatton 1994, Lee 1993, Kanto 1982).
It is advisable to choose a short-acting benzodiazepine and minimal effective dose as possible (Rowe 2013), mostly in neonatal period.
Follow-up for sedation and feeding ability of the infant.
It is not recommended to share a bed (co-sleeping, bed-sharing) with the baby if this drug is being taken, due to increased risk of asphyxia or sudden infant death (UNICEF UK 2018, 2017, 2014 and 2013, Landa 2012, ABM 2008, UNICEF UK 2006).
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.
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Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.
e-lactancia is a resource recommended by Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine - 2021 from United States of America
Would you like to recommend the use of e-lactancia? Write to us at corporate mail of APILAM