Last update May 5, 2015



Safe substance and/or breastfeeding is the best option.

Plant fruits are used.

Attributed properties in traditional medicine are: carminative, digestive, antispasmodic, abortion inducer, galactagogue.

Some properties are still under research: antimicrobial, antioxidant, antimutagenic, antidiabetic, diuretic, estrogenic and others.

Toxicity in the usual use has not been shown.

Medical indications according to the Commission E of the German Health Ministry: none.

At latest update relevant published data related to breastfeeding was not found.

It is a widely used plant as a spice and infusion beverage with therapeutic purposes for centuries, even while breastfeeding as galactagogue and treatment of colicky pain in infants.

Because lack of toxicity at usual dosing a moderate consumption during breastfeeding would have a low or nil risk.

Effectiveness of cumin as a galactagogue has not been stated. The best way to improve milk production is a frequent sucking and a proper technique.

Precaution needed before taking plant infusions:

1. Make sure the reliability of source: toxicity has occurred after confusion with other one that was toxic, poisoning by containing heavy metals and food-borne poisoning due to contamination by bacteria and fungus.

2. Avoid excessive consumption. “Natural products” are not always good at whatever quantity. Plants contains biological active substances that have been the source of most of modern pharmacological drugs and may induce intoxication if consumed at high dose or long-term.


We do not have alternatives for zeera since it is relatively safe.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

zeera is also known as Cumin. Here it is a list of alternative known names::


  1. ABM: Brodribb W. ABM Clinical Protocol #9: Use of Galactogogues in Initiating or Augmenting Maternal Milk Production, Second Revision 2018. Breastfeed Med. 2018 Jun;13(5):307-314 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  2. Sowbhagya HB. Chemistry, technology, and nutraceutical functions of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L): an overview. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2013 Abstract
  3. ABM. Academy Of Breastfeeding Medicine Protocol Committee. ABM Clinical Protocol #9: Use of galactogogues in initiating or augmenting the rate of maternal milk secretion (First Revision January 2011). Breastfeed Med. 2011 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  4. ABM. Comité de Protocolos de la Academia Médica de Lactancia Materna. ABM Protocolo Clínico #9: Uso de Galactogogos para Iniciar o aumentar la tasa de secreción de Leche Materna. Breastfeed Med. 2011 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  5. Johri RK. Cuminum cyminum and Carum carvi: An update. Pharmacogn Rev. 2011 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  6. Abdulrazzaq YM, Al Kendi A, Nagelkerke N. Soothing methods used to calm a baby in an Arab country. Acta Paediatr. 2009 Abstract
  7. Sharma S, Ramji S, Kumari S, Bapna JS. Randomized controlled trial of Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari) as a lactogogue in lactational inadequacy. Indian Pediatr. 1996 Abstract
  8. Uma Pradeep K, Geervani P, Eggum BO. Common Indian spices: nutrient composition, consumption and contribution to dietary value. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1993 Abstract
  9. Agrawala IP, Achar MV, Boradkar RV, Roy N. Galactagogue action of Cuminum cyminum and Nigella staiva. Indian J Med Res. 1968 Abstract

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