Last update Oct. 17, 2022
Aerial summits of this climbing plant are used. Constituents are: flavonoids, pyranics, heterosides, alkaloids. Attributed effects with only weak scientific evidence on effectiveness are: sedative, hypnotic, anti-spasmodic. (Fitoterapia.net, EMA 2008, WHO 2007)
At latest update, relevant information on excretion into breast milk was not found.
Because of paucity of data on toxicity, recommendations done are to use it at low doses for short term periods. Poisonings have occurred from the consumption of preparations of this plant. (Fisher 2000, Solbakken 1997)
The European Medicines Agency does not authorize its use for children younger than 12 years old, pregnancy and breastfeeding. (EMA 2008)
When used while breastfeeding, it is recommended to use it at low dose for a short-term period. Following-up the infant for sedation is recommended.
Precautions when taking plant preparations (Anderson 2017, Powers 2015, Posadzki 2013, Efferth 2011, Kopec 1999, Hsu 1995):
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.
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e-lactancia is a resource recommended by Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine - 2012 of United States of America
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