Last update May 21, 2021
Very Low Risk
Giardia lamblia is a single-celled parasite that causes diarrhea in humans. The mode of transmission is fecal-oral.
Transmission of Giardia lamblia through breast milk has not been documented.
Maternal giardiasis is not a contraindication to breastfeeding (Lawrence 2016 p779).
Breastfeeding protects infants from giardiasis (Mahmud 2001, Morrow 1992).
Breast milk destroys giardia through several of its components: phagocytes, secretory Immunoglobulin A (IgAs), fatty acids and lipase (Lawrence 2016 p161 and 182, França 2006, Hanson 1994, Hernell 1986, Reiner 1986, Gillin 1983).
Secretory IgA anti-giardia lamblia in breast milk is more frequent and with a higher level of antibodies when mothers have passed the infection and have developed specific IgG antibodies (Tellez 2003, Nayak 1987, Miotti 1985).
If the breastfeeding mother has acute symptoms (diarrhea), she should drink more fluids to avoid dehydration. Hygienic measures (hand washing) must be used to avoid transmission.
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.
Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.
Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.
e-lactancia is a resource recommended by Asociación Pro Lactancia Materna (APROLAM) of Mexico
Would you like to recommend the use of e-lactancia? Write to us at corporate mail of APILAM