Last update July 9, 2021
Breastfeeding is perfectly acceptable in mothers that are affected by gastroenteritis, as long as their clinical condition permits it (Lawrence 2016 p.776-791, Appendix D: Precautions and Breastfeeding Recommendations for Selected Maternal Infections).
Medication used in the few diarrhea ailments that require specific pharmacological treatment are compatible with breastfeeding.
The germs, viruses or bacteria that cause gastroentercolitis are not transmitted by milk.
Standard preventive measures (hand washing, use of gloves, meticulous hygiene) and for contact (use of clothes to avoid direct contact with cutaneous areas that may be contaminated) are required to prevent the transmission from mother to child (Lawrence 2016 p.408 -409).
Breast milk contains immunoglobulin A (IgA) and other defensive elements (Coppa 2016) against various infectious diseases, so there is a greater risk of transmission if the mother affected by gastroenteritis interrupts breastfeeding.
Numerous studies have shown the benefits of breastfeeding in preventing morbidity and mortality from gastroenteritis and other infections (Frank 2019, Hartman 2019, Westerfield 2018, Ardiç 2018) in communities from poor and developing countries (Turin 2014), as well as in industrialized countries (Paricio 2006).
Infants with norovirus gastroenteritis, whose mothers had positive serology and a level of anti-norovirus IgA in breast milk, had reduced diarrhea symptoms (Labayo 2021).
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.
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