Last update Feb. 21, 2018

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

Very Low Risk

Safe. Compatible. Minimal risk for breastfeeding and infant.

A procedure which uses a chamber that is pressurized with oxygen where the patient is introduced who needs to increase the amount of oxygen in the blood. Indicated in poisonings with carbon monoxide (CO), decompression sickness from diving, very serious infections and gas embolism (MedlinePlus 2016).

It has been used in the neonatal period (Sánchez 2013, Hsieh 1999), breastfeeding mothers (Guler 2015) and in serious complicated mastitis (Belokurov 1984).

It is relatively safe but there is a risk of several complications (Sadri 2017, Cooper 2017, Hadanny 2016, Yamamoto 2015, Frawley 2013 and 2012):
- Derivatives of increased pressure: otic, sinus, pulmonary and intestinal barotrauma
- Derivatives of the increase of oxygen concentration: neurological, pulmonary and ophthalmic toxicity.
Complications are more frequent in children (Cooper 2017, Hadanny 2016).

Authorized use in infants and children where this treatment is indicated, CO poisoning for example (Macnow 2016).

To minimize the baby's otic barotrauma and avoid the discomfort it causes, it is advisable that you breastfeed during the procedure.

As it is a treatment which is not free of risks, a healthy infant, and even less so if the infant is very small or premature, should not enter the chamber to accompany his/her mother. Only if the infant has medical indications should he/she be submitted to hyperbaric oxygen therapy.


We do not have alternatives for Hyperbaric oxygen therapy since it is relatively safe.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is also known as


Hyperbaric oxygen therapy belongs to this group or family:


  1. Sadri RA, Cooper JS. Hyperbaric, Complications. StatPearls. 2017 Abstract
  2. Cooper JS, Gossman WG. Toxicity, Oxygen. StatPearls. 2017 Abstract
  3. MedlinePlus. Oxigenoterapia hiperbárica. Información de salud para usted. 2016 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  4. MedlinePlus. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Trusted Health Information for You. 2016 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  5. Yamamoto Y, Noguchi Y, Enomoto M, Yagishita K, Kitamura K. Otological complications associated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2016 Abstract
  6. hadanny A, Meir O, Bechor Y, Fishlev G, Bergan J, Efrati S. The safety of hyperbaric oxygen treatment--retrospective analysis in 2,334 patients. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2016 Abstract
  7. Macnow TE, Waltzman ML. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning In Children: Diagnosis And Management In The Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Med Pract. 2016 Abstract
  8. Guler O, Ozyurek S, Cakmak S, Isyar M, Mutlu S, Mahirogullari M. Evaluation of results of conservative therapy in patients with transient osteoporosis of hip. Acta Orthop Belg. 2015 Abstract
  9. Frawley G, Bennett M, Thistlethwaite K, Banham N. Australian paediatric hyperbaric oxygen therapy 1998-2011. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2013 Abstract
  10. Sánchez EC. Use of hyperbaric oxygenation in neonatal patients: a pilot study of 8 patients. Crit Care Nurs Q. 2013 Abstract
  11. Frawley GP, Fock A. Pediatric hyperbaric oxygen therapy in Victoria, 1998-2010. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2012 Abstract
  12. Hsieh WS, Yang PH, Chao HC, Lai JY. Neonatal necrotizing fasciitis: a report of three cases and review of the literature. Pediatrics. 1999 Abstract
  13. Belokurov IuN, Murav'eva LA, Gramenitskiĭ AB, Malafeeva EV, Molodkin VM. [Hyperbaric oxygenation in the complex treatment of complicated forms of acute suppurative mastitis]. Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 1984 Abstract

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