Last update Sept. 19, 2016

Chondroitin Sulfate Sodium

Very Low Risk

Safe. Compatible. Minimal risk for breastfeeding and infant.

Copolymer which is found in nature that is obtained from cartilage of various terrestrial or marine animals and used in the treatment of osteoarthritis.
It is a mucopolysaccharide which is formed by polymers of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and devoid of toxicity.

It is presented in the human body and breast milk, with the highest concentration in the milk of mothers of preterm babies. (Coppa 2012).
Half concentration of GAG in the milk is contained as chondroitin sulfate with anti-infectious properties; among others, it protects the gastrointestinal tract of infants against infections (Maccari 2016).
Its concentration is not affected by Holder pasteurization method of breast milk.
Changes on the composition of chondroitin sulfate in the milk have been detected in cases of breast cancer.

Because a high molecular weight the passage of significant amounts into milk is highly unlikely.
Its low oral bioavailability hinders the passage from ingested milk to the infant plasma.


We do not have alternatives for Chondroitin Sulfate Sodium since it is relatively safe.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Chondroitin Sulfate Sodium in other languages or writings:


Chondroitin Sulfate Sodium belongs to this group or family:


Main tradenames from several countries containing Chondroitin Sulfate Sodium in its composition:


Variable Value Unit
Oral Bioavail. 15 %
Molecular weight 50.000 daltons
Protein Binding 85 %
VD 0.3 l/Kg
Tmax 4 hours
5 - 15 hours


  1. AEMPS. Condroitín. Ficha técnica. 2016 Full text (in our servers)
  2. Maccari F, Mantovani V, Gabrielli O, Carlucci A, Zampini L, Galeazzi T, Galeotti F, Coppa GV, Volpi N. Metabolic fate of milk glycosaminoglycans in breastfed and formula fed newborns. Glycoconj J. 2016 Abstract
  3. Coppa GV, Facinelli B, Magi G, Marini E, Zampini L, Mantovani V, Galeazzi T, Padella L, Marchesiello RL, Santoro L, Coscia A, Peila C, Volpi N, Gabrielli O. Human milk glycosaminoglycans inhibit in vitro the adhesion of Escherichia coli and Salmonella fyris to human intestinal cells. Pediatr Res. 2016 Abstract
  4. Coscia A, Peila C, Bertino E, Coppa GV, Moro GE, Gabrielli O, Zampini L, Galeazzi T, Maccari F, Volpi N. Effect of holder pasteurisation on human milk glycosaminoglycans. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Abstract
  5. Volpi N, Gabrielli O, Carlucci A, Zampini L, Santoro L, Padella L, Marchesello RL, Maccari F, Coppa GV. Human milk glycosaminoglycans in feces of breastfed newborns: preliminary structural elucidation and possible biological role. Breastfeed Med. 2014 Abstract
  6. Newburg DS. Glycobiology of human milk. Biochemistry (Mosc). 2013 Abstract
  7. Coppa GV, Gabrielli O, Zampini L, Galeazzi T, Maccari F, Buzzega D, Galeotti F, Bertino E, Volpi N. Glycosaminoglycan content in term and preterm milk during the first month of lactation. Neonatology. 2012 Abstract
  8. AESAN. Informe del Comité Científico de la Agencia Española de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutrición (AESAN) sobre condiciones de uso de determinadas sustancias distintas de vitaminas, minerales y plantas para ser empleadas en complementos alimenticios - 1. Revista del comité científico nº 17. 2012 Full text (in our servers)
  9. Mannello F, Maccari F, Santinelli A, Volpi N. Chondroitin sulfate structure is modified in human milk produced by breast affected by invasive carcinoma. Breast. 2011 Abstract
  10. Coppa GV, Gabrielli O, Buzzega D, Zampini L, Galeazzi T, Maccari F, Bertino E, Volpi N. Composition and structure elucidation of human milk glycosaminoglycans. Glycobiology. 2011 Abstract
  11. Viveros-Rogel M, Soto-Ramirez L, Chaturvedi P, Newburg DS, Ruiz-Palacios GM. Inhibition of HIV-1 infection in vitro by human milk sulfated glycolipids and glycosaminoglycans. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2004 Abstract
  12. Newburg DS. Human milk glycoconjugates that inhibit pathogens. Curr Med Chem. 1999 Abstract
  13. Newburg DS. Oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates in human milk: their role in host defense. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia. 1996 Abstract
  14. Newburg DS, Linhardt RJ, Ampofo SA, Yolken RH. Human milk glycosaminoglycans inhibit HIV glycoprotein gp120 binding to its host cell CD4 receptor. J Nutr. 1995 Abstract
  15. Sekine H, Ohno T, Kufe DW. Purification and characterization of a high molecular weight glycoprotein detectable in human milk and breast carcinomas. J Immunol. 1985 Abstract

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