Ethanol

Last update: July 2, 2015


Breastfeeding risk

High risk


Poorly safe.
Avoid or use a safer alternative.

Comment

While breastfeeding it is recommended to avoid use of alcohol or do it occasionally and moderately. Drinking beer does not increase milk production.

Long term consumption may cause: sedation, failure to thrive, psychomotor delay in the infant. Also, one case of Pseudo-Cushing Syndrome was reported that disappeared after alcohol stop by the mother.

Despite of low increase of Prolactin serum level, acute consumption affects the infant with sedation, and, inhibits Oxytocin secretion in the mother and hence affects the ejection reflex of breast milk with a decrease of 10% to 25% of milk production.

Excessive acute ingestion by the mother may induce coma and seizures in the infant.

Both beer 0.0% and non-alcoholic (<1%) may be drunk by the nursing mother. Increase of anti-oxidant properties of the milk have been recognized.

Elapsing time required to resume breastfeeding after occasional consumption of alcohol by the mother in order to ensure disappearance of blood depends on mother's body weight (lesser weight needs longer time to wait), and, on the amount ingested (higher amount needs longer time). Stop breastfeeding for longer than two and a half hour for every 10 - 12 g of ingested alcohol: 330 mL of 4.5% beer, 120 mL (1 glass) of 12% wine, or, one cup of 40% - 50% liquor. Suggested time-periods to stop breastfeeding for a 60 kg of body weight woman are: 1 glass of wine = 2.5 hours; 660 mL of beer = 5 hours; 3 cups of liquor = 7.5 hours (See reference values at Can Fam Physician 2002)

Avoiding bed-sharing is recommended to mothers who have drunk alcohol.

When topically used as disinfectant alcohol is compatible with breastfeeding.

Alternatives

We do not have alternatives for Ethanol.

Legend of risks

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Other names

Ethanol is also known as


Ethanol in other languages or writings:

Tradenames

Main tradenames from several countries containing Ethanol in its composition:

  • Coricidin™. Indonesia. Contains other elements than Ethanol in its composition
  • Logicin Rapid Relief™. Singapore. Contains other elements than Ethanol in its composition

Groups

Ethanol belongs to these groups or families:

Pharmacokinetics

Variable Value Units
Molecular weight 46 daltons
Proteins Binding 0 %
Distribution Volume 0,5 l/Kg
Milk/Plasma ratio 1,4 -
Time to max, Tmax 0,5 - 1,5 hours
Elimination half-life, T1/2 0,3 hours
Bioavailability 100 %
Theoretical Dose 1,6 - 36 mg/Kg/d
Relative Dose 0,5 - 6 %

References

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