Last update: Oct. 9, 2016

Atropa belladonna

High Risk probable for breastfeeding


Poorly safe.
Evaluate carefully.
Use a safer alternative.
Read the Comment.

In herbal medicine the leaves of this plant that contains numerous alkaloids are used: l-hyoscyamine and atropine, scopolamine or hyoscine and, all of them potentially high toxic.
Traditionally used with poor clinical evidence based on trials as anti-asthmatic, for common colds and intestinal spasms.

At latest update no published data on excretion into breast milk were found.

With anticholinergic and antimuscarinic properties that may reduce milk production: if necessary take as low dose as possible and avoid long-term treatment if decreasing milk production is observed.
Serious side effects (tachycardia, thirst, fever, mydriasis, seizures, coma), especially in infants and newborns (Caksen 2003 Laffargue 2011, Glatstein 2014, Rodríguez-González 2014).
There have been cases of gangrene when applied to the chest (Wani 2011).

Belladonna may be included in association with other “over the counter" medications of doubtful effectiveness or safety. Overall drug associations are not recommended.

Cautions when taking herbal teas:
1. Make sure it is obtained from a reliable source: reportedly, poisonings have occurred due to confusion after using another plant with toxic effects (Hsu 1995), some others contain heavy metals that may cause poisoning and others may cause food poisoning due to contamination with bacteria or fungi.
2. Do not take it excessively. "Natural" products are not always good in any amount: plants contain active substances from which are made many compounds of our traditional pharmacopoeia that can cause poisoning if consumed in exaggerated quantities or for long periods.

Alternatives

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Atropa belladonna is Belladona in Latin, botanical name.

Atropa belladonna is also known as

Tradenames

Main tradenames from several countries containing Atropa belladonna in its composition:

References

  1. Rodríguez-González M, Benavente Fernández I, Zafra Rodríguez P, Lechuga-Sancho AM, Lubián López S. Toxicity of remedies for infantile colic. Arch Dis Child. 2014 Abstract
  2. Glatstein M, Danino D, Wolyniez I, Scolnik D. Seizures caused by ingestion of Atropa belladonna in a homeopathic medicine in a previously well infant: case report and review of the literature. Am J Ther. 2014 Abstract
  3. Wani I, Bakshi I, Parray FQ, Malik AA, Wani RA, Shah M, Husasin I, Malik A, Wani S, Syed W. Breast gangrene. World J Emerg Surg. 2011 Abstract
  4. Laffargue F, Oudot C, Constanty A, Bedu A, Ketterer-Martinon S. [Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) intoxication in a 2-year-old child]. Arch Pediatr. 2011 Abstract
  5. Lee MR. Solanaceae IV: Atropa belladonna, deadly nightshade. J R Coll Physicians Edinb. 2007 Abstract
  6. Caksen H, Odabaş D, Akbayram S, Cesur Y, Arslan S, Uner A, Oner AF. Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) intoxication: an analysis of 49 children. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2003 Abstract
  7. Hsu CK, Leo P, Shastry D, Meggs W, Weisman R, Hoffman RS. Anticholinergic poisoning associated with herbal tea. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Abstract

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