Last update: July 2, 2015

Escitalopram

Very Low Risk for breastfeeding


Safe. Compatible.
Not risky for breastfeeding or infant.

S-Enantiomer of Citalopram that shares similar pharmacokinetics and properties with Citalopram.

Excretion into breast milk is clinically non-significant. Serum levels of infants from breastfeeding mothers who were treated have been shown to be undetectable or very low.

Overall, short or long-term harmful effect has not been reported among breastfed infants. Isolated cases of irritability and neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis after intrauterine exposure have appeared in medical literature contrasting with harmlessness reported by others.

Galactorrhea associated or not to hyperprolactinemia, may appear.

Women who are on antidepressant treatment in pregnancy are in need of special and intensive support for breastfeeding because of a high risk of early weaning.

Alternatives

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Escitalopram is also known as


Escitalopram in other languages or writings:

Pharmacokinetics

Variable Value Unit
Oral Bioavail. 80 %
Molecular weight 414 daltons
Protein Binding 56 %
VD 12 - 26 l/Kg
Tmax 4 hours
T1/2 30 hours
M/P ratio 2 -
Theoretical Dose 0,01 mg/Kg/d
Relative Dose 1,7 - 6,8 %

References

  1. Sriraman NK, Melvin K, Meltzer-Brody S. ABM Clinical Protocol #18: Use of Antidepressants in Breastfeeding Mothers. Breastfeed Med. 2015 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  2. Orsolini L, Bellantuono C. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors and breastfeeding: a systematic review. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2015 Abstract
  3. Neuman G, Colantonio D, Delaney S, Szynkaruk M, Ito S. Bupropion and Escitalopram During Lactation. Ann Pharmacother. 2014 Abstract
  4. Davanzo R, Bua J, Paloni G, Facchina G. Breastfeeding and migraine drugs. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2014 Abstract
  5. Nebhinani N. Sertraline-induced galactorrhea: case report and review of cases reported with other SSRIs. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2013 Abstract
  6. Kim S, Park YM. Serum prolactin and macroprolactin levels among outpatients with major depressive disorder following the administration of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors: a cross-sectional pilot study. PLoS One. 2013 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  7. Bellantuono C, Orsolini L, Bozzi F. [The safety profile of escitalopram in pregnancy and breastfeeding]. Riv Psichiatr. 2013 Abstract
  8. Bellantuono C, Bozzi F, Orsolini L. Safety of escitalopram in pregnancy: a case series. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2013 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  9. Rowe H, Baker T, Hale TW. Maternal medication, drug use, and breastfeeding. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2013 Feb;60(1):275-94. Abstract
  10. Gorman JR, Kao K, Chambers CD. Breastfeeding among women exposed to antidepressants during pregnancy. J Hum Lact. 2012 Abstract
  11. Bellantuono C, Bozzi F, Orsolini L, Catena-Dell'Osso M. The safety of escitalopram during pregnancy and breastfeeding: a comprehensive review. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2012 Abstract
  12. Patil AS, Kuller JA, Rhee EH. Antidepressants in pregnancy: a review of commonly prescribed medications. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2011 Abstract
  13. Berle JO, Spigset O. Antidepressant Use During Breastfeeding. Curr Womens Health Rev. 2011 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  14. Amir LH, Pirotta MV, Raval M. Breastfeeding--evidence based guidelines for the use of medicines. Aust Fam Physician. 2011 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  15. Davanzo R, Copertino M, De Cunto A, Minen F, Amaddeo A. Antidepressant drugs and breastfeeding: a review of the literature. Breastfeed Med. 2011 Abstract
  16. Hale TW, Kendall-Tackett K, Cong Z, Votta R, McCurdy F. Discontinuation syndrome in newborns whose mothers took antidepressants while pregnant or breastfeeding. Breastfeed Med. 2010 Abstract
  17. Shim SH, Lee YJ, Lee EC. A case of galactorrhea associated with excitalopram. Psychiatry Investig. 2009 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  18. Lanza di Scalea T, Wisner KL. Antidepressant medication use during breastfeeding. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  19. Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Protocol Committee. ABM clinical protocol #18: use of antidepressants in nursing mothers. Breastfeed Med. 2008 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  20. Potts AL, Young KL, Carter BS, Shenai JP. Necrotizing enterocolitis associated with in utero and breast milk exposure to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, escitalopram. J Perinatol. 2007 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  21. Gulsun M, Algul A, Semiz UB, Ates MA, Doruk A, Ebrinc S, Basoglu C, Cetin M. A case with euprolactinemic galactorrhea induced by escitalopram. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2007 Abstract
  22. Hackett LP, Ilett KF, Rampono J, Kristensen JH, Kohan R. Transfer of reboxetine into breastmilk, its plasma concentrations and lack of adverse effects in the breastfed infant. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2006 Abstract
  23. Gentile S. Escitalopram late in pregnancy and while breast-feeding. Ann Pharmacother. 2006 Abstract
  24. Rampono J, Hackett LP, Kristensen JH, Kohan R, Page-Sharp M, Ilett KF. Transfer of escitalopram and its metabolite demethylescitalopram into breastmilk. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2006 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  25. Castberg I, Spigset O. Excretion of escitalopram in breast milk. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2006 Abstract
  26. Gentile S. The safety of newer antidepressants in pregnancy and breastfeeding. Drug Saf. 2005 Abstract

Total visits

83,890

Help us improve this entry

How to cite this entry

Do you need more information or did not found what you were looking for?

   Write to us at elactancia.org@gmail.com

e-lactancia is a resource recommended by La Liga de la Leche de México from Mexico

Would you like to recommend the use of e-lactancia? Write to us at corporate mail of APILAM